- If you don’t know why you chose that answer, you’re probably wrong.
- Read the Tip Strip and use these tips for all exercises that you do of this type.
- Read the text carefully – don’t worry if you don’t understand every word.
- Underline KEYWORDS in the Question then find the part of the text where the Answer is and underline to words there.
- You need to look for the MEANING. The words in the Question and Answer won’t be the same, you’ll need to find the SYNONYMS; similar words or phrases / expressions with similar meanings.
- Underline the reason for your answers – you should put the number of the Question beside the words which you underlined.
DECIDE WHAT IS MISSING
- Try to answer the Question (or complete the sentence) before you look at the options.
- What type of word is missing? What part of grammar? Adjective, noun, number, etc.
- Is it a verb tense? Is there an article, auxiliary verb or participle missing?
- Conjunctions: and, or, but, if, though, etc.
- Relative pronouns: that, which, who, where, when, etc.
- Prepositions of place: under, over, up, down, on, in, etc.
- Phrasal verbs: the verb part or the prepositional part?
- Prepositional verbs: listen to, want to, love to, have to, and so on….
- Pronouns: this, that, these, those, what can all be considered pronouns or determiners (such, also) “a” , “the”.
- Comparatives: (not) as big as, as tall as, smaller than,
- The answer must fit grammatically. SEE NOTETAKING TIPS.
TOPIC and LANGUAGE LINKS
- Topic and Language links come before and after each sentence.
- eg a pronoun must take the place of a noun that was mentioned before, or rather it links back.
- If “the” is used, it normally links back to some specific word, eg: “I bought A car. THE car is red.” Definite article links back to indefinite article.
- Firstly, secondly, finally, etc are all words that indicate sequence.
- Then, so, because of this, all indicate sequence.
- However, Despite, In spite of, But all indicate CONTRAST and SEQUENCE.
- Look for the linking words.