English Teacher

Tweed Heads/Coolangatta

Business and Finance Vocabulary May 16, 2009

These words and more are available for you to self study in the book:
Business Vocabulary in Use by Bill Mascull, printed by Cambridge University Press. Click on the link to buy it online. Or just browse through these words and learn them by yourself…

accept
accessible
account
accountancy
accountant
accounting rules
accounting standards
accounts
accurate record
acquire
acquisition
action points
address book
administration
administrative staff
administrator
advance
adversarial
advertise
advertiser
advertising agency
advertising campaign
advertising medium
aerospace
affirmative action
agenda
agree
ahead of schedule
ailing
alliance
allocated
amortization
amortize
anecdote
angry
annual general meeting (AGM)
annual meeting
annual report
applicant
application form
applied for
appoint
appointments
approachable
arbitration
arbitrator
argument
arrangements
assembly line
asset
atmosphere
attach
attachment
audience
audit
auditors
authoritarian
automated
axe (to get the)
back down
background
backhander
bad debts
bad working environment
bailout
balance of payments
balance sheet
bank statement
banking charges
bargain
bargainer
bargaining
bargaining position
bargaining power
basic
basic salary
be on sale
bear market
bearish
behind schedule
benchmarking
benefits
benefits package
best practice
beta version
big business
billboards
billing
bitter pill
blackboard
bleeding red ink
blue chips
bluff
board
board meeting
boardroom
bonds
bonus
bonus payments
book value
bookkeepers
boom
boring
born leaders
borrower
borrowing
bottom line
bottom out
bottom-end
bourse
branch
brand
branded
branding
break even
breakthroughs
bribe
bribery
bricks-and-mortar
briefing
bring to a close
broke down
brokers
budget
bugs
building societies
building society
bull market
bullet point
bullish
bully
bureaucratic
burned out
burnout
business
business process re-engineering (BPR)
business-to-business (B2B)
business-to-consumer (B2C)
business-to-government (B2G)
busy tone
buyer
buying managers
CADCAM
calendar
call
call centres
call someone’s bluff
call back
candidate
canteen culture
capacity
capital
captains of industry
cariautomobiles
cards
career ladder
career paths
cash
cash cows
cash mountain
cash pile
cash reserves
cashflow
casual Fridays
casually
catalog
catalogue
catering
carbon copy (CC)
cease trading
cellphone
cellular
cellular phone
chain store
chairperson
challenging
change hands
charge
charisma
charities
cheap
cheque
cheque account
chief executive officer (CEO)
chief financial officer (CFO)
chief operating officer
Chinese walls
churn out
circulate
classified advertisements
clicks-and-mortar
client base
clientele
clients
climb down
clinching a deal
clock in
clock off
clock on
clock out
closing a deal
code of conduct
code of ethics
cold calls
collapse
collateral
combine
come to a consensus
commercial
commercial airline
commercial artist
commercial disaster
commercial land
commercial paper
commercial television
commission
commodities
commodities exchange
common ground
commute
commuters
company
company car
company hierarchy
company pension scheme
compensation
compensation package
compensation payment
compete
competition
competitions
competitors
completion
components
compromise
computer hardware
computer screen
computer software
computer-literate
conceded
concern
concession
conformity to specifications
confrontational
conglomerate
consensus
construction
consultation
consumer durables
consumer goods
consumer panels
consumers
content
continuous improvement
contract
contributions
convenience store
cooling-off period
copyright
cordless
cordless phone
core activity
corporate
corporate culture
corporate headquarters
corporate hospitality
corporate image
corporate ladder
corporate logo
corporate profits
corporation
corrupt
corruption
cost
cost of goods sold (COGS)
cost per unit
cost-effective
costing
costings
costs
counter-offers
counter-proposals
counterfeit notes
counterfeiting
courteous
cover
cover ground
covering letter
cover letter
craft industry
crash
creative accounting
credit card
credit policy
creditors
cross-promotion
culture
currencies
current account
current assets
current liabilities
curriculum vitae (CV)/resume
customer base
customer needs
customers
cut
cut off
cutting edge
day shift
deadlock
deal
deal with
dealer
dealers
debentures
debit card
debt
debt burden
debt crisis
debt default
debt repayment
debt rescheduling
debt restructuring
debt servicing
debtors
decentralized
decision-making
declines
deference
delay
delayered
delegate
delegation
delete
demand
demanding
demands
demerge
demerger
demonstration
demoted
demutualization
demutualized
department meeting
department store
departmental meeting
deposit account
depreciate
depreciation
depression
derivatives
design
design defect
design fault
designer
develop
developer
dial
dialling tone
diary
difference of opinion
dignity at work policy
digress
digressions
dimensions
direct costs
direct line
direct mail
direct marketing
disagree
disagreement
discount
discounter
discounting
discriminate against
discuss
discussion
dismiss
dispatch
dispose of
dispute
distance
distant
distractions
distributed
distribution chain
distribution channel
distributors
dive
diversify
divestment
dividends
dominate a market
donate
donation
downmarket
downshifter
downshifting
downsized
downtime
dress-down fridays
drive
drive a hard bargain
drive out of a market
drugstore
dynamism
e-procurement
e-tailing
earn
earnings
ease
economic
economic indicators
economical
economies of scale
economy 11’k~namii 38
education 1,edgu’keiJanl 4
effective 11~fekt1vl 14
efficiency Ir’f~Jansii 7
efficiently Ir’fiJantlil 17
electronic commercele-
commerce /,elek, t r~n~k
‘k~ms:s/,i: ‘k~ms:s/ 11, 26
electronic mail/e-mail/email
I,elek,tr~n~k’me~li’i: me~li
26,53
embezzle l~m’bezli 40
embezzlement l1m’bezlmantl40
emerging industries /1,m3:dg1q
‘~ndastrizl 13
employ Irm’pl31l 3
employees irm’pl3ri:zi 6
employment agencies
/rm1p13rmant ,erdgansiz/ 3
empower Irm’pauai 44
empowerment l~m’pauamanti
44
end-users 1,end1ju:zazJ 19
endorsements i1n~d3:smantsI
25
energy l’enadgii 44
engaged tone i~n’gerdgd taunl
49
enhancements 11n’ha:nsmant sl
18
enterprise I’entaprarzl 11, 11
enterprise culture 1,entaprarz
‘kaltJa1 11
enterprise economy 1,entaprarz
~’k~namil 11
enterprise zone i’entaprarz
zaunl 11
entertaining i,enta’tern~qI 47
entrepreneur i,~ntrapra’ns:l 10
entrepreneurial
1,~ntrapra’ns:riaV 10
entry-level i’entri levaV 23
environmental
i~n,va~aran’mentaV 41
environmentally damaging
I~n,vararan,mentali
‘dzm~dgrql 41
equal opportunities 1,i:kwal
,~pa’tju:natid 8
equipment 11’kw1pmantl 59
equity l’ekw~tii 32
establish l~’stzbl~Jl 10
establishment 11’stzblrJmanti
10
ethical l’e01kaV 41
ethical investment 1,eerkal
~n’vestmantl 41
etiquette I’etrketl 63
exceptional profit iik,sepJanal
‘ pr~f~tl 31
exciting I~k’sa~t~ql 2
executive/exec
l~g’zekjat~vl~g’zeki 9
expenditure i~k’spend~tJal 28
expenses l~k’spens~zl 27
expensive lrk’spensrvl 23
experience Irk’sp~ariansl 3
experience curve l~k’sp~arians
k3:vI 28
exploit 1ek1spl3rt I 41
exports I’eksp3:tsl 38
extension 11k’stentJanI 48, 49
extraordinary general
meeting(EGM) 11k~str3:danari
,dgenarallmi:t~g/ 54
eye contact l’a~,k~ntaektl 47,
60
face the audience /,fe~s di:
‘3:diansI 60
facilities lfa’s~latizi 59
fact Ifaektl 60
factory l’faektaril 16
fakes lferksl 40
faking I’fe~k~gl 40
fallback position I1f3:lbaek
pa,zrPd 63
familiar Ifa’m~lial 45
family name I’faemali nerml 46
fascinating I’faes~nert~gl 2
fast-moving consumer goods
1,fa:st mu:vrg kan,sju:ma
‘gudz 1 (FMCG)22
fat cats I’faet kaetsl 5
fax lfaeksl52
features 1’fi:tJazl 2 1
fierce If~asl 20
file for bankruptcy /,fa11 fa
‘baegkr~ptsii 33
final offers 1,farnal ‘~fazl 65
finance l’fa~naensl 38
financed l’fa~naenstl 17
financial 1fa1’nienJaV 13, 36, 38
financial centres 1fa1,naentJal
‘sentazl 36
financial institutions lfa1,naenJal
,~ntst~’tju:Janzi 36
financial services /far ,naenJal
‘S~:VISIZ/ 13
financial year 1fa1,naenJal ‘j~al
30
finish on time 1,frnrJ Dn ‘tarmi
55
finished goods l,’f~n~Jt ‘gudz I
17,22
fire Ifa~al 7
firm 1fs:d 11
firstly I1fs:stlii 60
fixed assets /,f~kst ‘asetsl 30
fixed costs /,f~kst ‘k~stsl 27
flair lfleal 44
flat l’flaetl 7
flexibility /,fleks~’b~latii 7
flexitimelflextime l’fleksit a~ml
‘flekstarml 2
flip chart I’fl~p tJa:t/ 60
float Iflautl 36
flotation Iflau’terJad 36
focus groups I’faukas gru:ps/ 14
food processing 1,fu:d
prau’ses~gl 13
foreign exchange 1 forex /, f~r~n
~ks’tJe~ndgI 36
forgers I1f3:dgazl 40
forgery Iif3:dgarii 40
formally I1f3:maW 46
forms of address 1,fg:mz av
a’dresl 45
forward ltf3:wad 53
found If aund I 10
founder l’faundal 10
franchisee l,fraenJa~’zi:/ 24
franchises I’fraenJarz~zl 24
franchisor I1fraenJarzal 24
fraud Ifr3:d 40
fraud squad I’fr3:d skw~d 40
free enterprise lfri: ‘entaprarzl
11
free gift lfri: ‘g~ftl 25
free sample lfri: ‘sa:mpV 25
freelancerlfreelance I1fri:la:nsa
‘fri:la:ns/ 7
freephone number 1’fri:faun
,n~mbal 48
friendly bid 1,frendli ‘brd 34
fringe benefits l,fr1nd3 ‘ben~f~tsl
5
full-time job 1,ful tarm ‘d3~bi 1
full-time work 1,ful tarm ‘w3:W 1
fund-raising /’f~nd re1z1~1 12
futures contract I1fju:tJaz
,k~ntrakt/ 36
gains lge~nzl 37
Gantt chart I’gaent tJa:tl 42
gearing I’gra~gl 32
generic products Idga’ner~k
‘ pr~d~ktsl 22
generics ldgalnerrW 22
gesture l1d3estJa1 47, 60
get down to business lget daun
ta ‘brzn~sl 56, 63
get the ball rolling /,get da b3:l
‘raul~gl 56
get through lget ‘0ru:l 49
give in Igrv ‘rd 65
glass ceiling 1,gla:s ‘si:11gl 8
glut /CJlAt/ 16
go bankrupt Igau ‘baegkr~ptl
3 3
go into administration 1,gau
go into liquidation 1,gau ~nta
,l~kw~’de~Jad 33
go into the red 1,gau ~nta da
red 35
go-slow Igau’slaul 6
going concern Igau~g kanlss:nl
30
good Igud I 4
good organizer Igud
‘3:ganarzal 55
good timekeeper Igud
‘tarm,ki:pa/ 55
goods lgudz I 17
goodwill Igud’wrV 30
goodwill gesture Igud’w11
,dgestJa/ 64
government-owned companies
1,g~vanmant aund
‘k~mpanizl 11
graduate from l’graedguwe~t
graduates l’graedguatsl 4
green activists 1,gri:n ‘aekt~v~stsl
41
green issues 1’gri:n ,rJu:z/ 41
greetingslgoodbyes I1gri:t~gz
gud’ba~zl 47
gross domestic product (GDP)
1,graus da,mestrk ‘ pr~d~ktl
3 8
gross margin Igraus ‘ma:dg~d
27
gross national product (GNP)
/,graus naeJanal ‘ pr~d~ktl 38
gross profit Igraus ‘ pr~f~tl 31
ground lgraund I 54, 64
group discussion 1gru:p
d~’ sk~Jad 3
grow Igraul 10, 38
growth industries l’grau0
,rndastriz/ 13
growth rate l’grau0 re1t1 38
haemorrhage red ink I1hemarrd3
,red ,rgW 31
haggle llhegV 64
hand in your notice /,haend In
j3: ‘naut~sl 7
hand-made lhaend’me~d 16
handle l’handli 17
handout l’handautl 60
handwriting analysis
I’haend,rartrg a,nielasrs/ 3
hang up I’har~ ~pl 49
harass l’haeras ha’raesl 8
hard 1ha:dl 2
head Ihed 9
head office Ihed ‘~f1s1 6
headhunt l’hedh~ntl 3
headhunter I’hedh~ntal 3
headhunting l’hedh~nt 101 3
headquarters (HQ)
I,hed1kw3:taz -‘-I 6
health and safety inspectors
/,he10 an ‘se~fti ~n,spektaz/ 8
health and safety issues /,he10
an ‘se~fti ,1Ju:z1 8
healthcare Iihel0kear/ 13
heavy industries 1,hevi
‘~ndastrizl 13
hedging I’hedg11~1 58
helpline /’helpla~n/ 48
hi-tech /,ha~’teld 15
hierarchical /,ha~a’ra:k~kaV 45
high finance /ha1 ‘fa~nansl 38
high-end 1ha1’end 23
high-priced /ha~’pra~st/ 23
high-street banks /,ha1 stri:t
‘baer~ksl 35
highly geared Iha~li ‘g~ard, 32
highly leveraged 1ha1li
‘li:var~dgd/ 32
hire I’ha~al 3
hiring l’ha1a11~1 3
hits Ih~tsl 26
hold shares Ihauld’JeazI 32
holiday I’hulade~l 47
horse-trading I’hxs tre1d11~1 64
hospitality I,h~sp~’talati/ 47
hostile bid /,hustaIl’b~d 34
hotline I’h~tla~nl 48
household goods 1,haushauld
‘gudz I 13
HTH 53
human resource management
(HRM) 1,hju:man ‘r1z3:s
,man~dgmant/ 6
human resources (HR)
1,hju:man ~I’Z~:SIZ/ 6
human resources department
(HRD) 1,hju:man ‘r1z3:s1z
d1,pa:tmantl 6
humour I1hju:ma/ 47
hypermarket /’ha~pa,ma:k~t/
24
icons I’a~kunzl 53
impasse I’aempaesl 66
impolite /,rmpallart/ 57
imports l’rmp3:tsl 38
imposed l~m’pauzdl 44
in charge of 11n ‘tJa:dg avl 1
in parallel 11n ‘paeraleli 42
in stock 11n st~ld 17
in the black 11n da ‘blaeld 35
in the red 11n da ‘red 31
in-house 11n’haus I 4, 7, 17
in-house training l~n, haus
‘tre~n~r~l 4
income statement 1’1gk~m
,ste~tmant/ 31
incorporated/Inc
1rn1k3:pare~t~dl 12
indebtedness I~n’det~dnasl 32
index 1’1ndeksl 37
indexes 1’1ndeks1zl 37
indices 1’1nd1si:zl 37
indirect costs /,~nd~rekt ‘k~stsl
27
industrial 11n’d~striaV 6
industrial action 11n,d~st rial
‘aekJan1 6
industrial robots /~n,d~strial
‘raub~tsl 16
industrial scale /~n,d~strial
‘ske~V 14
industrialize 11n’d~st riala~zl 13
industry 1’1ndastriI 13
inflation rate I~n’fle~Jan re1t1
38
inflationary I~n’fle~Janari I 38
information line /,~nfa’me~Jan
la1n1 48
initiative l~’n~Jat~v/ 44
inland revenue 1,1nland
‘revanju:/ 29
innovate 1’1nave1tI 15
innovative 1’1navat1vI 15
inputs 1’1nputsI 17
insider dealing 11n,sa1da ‘di:11g/
40
insider trading 11n,sa1da
‘tre1d11~1 40
insolvent I~n’s~lvantl 33
intangible assets l~n~taendgabl
‘aesetsl 30
intellectual property
l,~ntalektjual ‘propati1 15
intense 11n’tensI 20
interest 1’1ntrastl 32, 34, 35
internet access 1’1ntanet ,aekses/
26
internet banking 1,lntanet
‘bagk11~1 35
internet service provider(1SP)
1,1ntanet ‘S~:VIS pra,va~da/
26
interruptions I, ~nt a’r~pJanz1 42
interviews 1’1ntavju:zI 3
introduce I,~ntra’dju:sl 59
invent 11n’ventI 15
inventories 1’1nvantrizI 17
invest 11n’vestl 32
investment companies
i~n’vestmant ,k~mpaniz/ 35
investors I~n’vestazl 32, 36
invoice l’1nv31sI 29
invoicing 1’1nv31s1r~I 29
irreconcilable differences
I,~rekansa~labl ‘d~farans~zi
66
issue 1’1Ju:l 66
issued 1’1Ju:d 36
issues 1’1Ju:zI 41
job insecurity 1,dgub
~ns~’kjuarati/ 7
job title I’dg~b ta~tll 46
jobless l’dgoblasl 38
join Idg311i 3
joint account /,dg31nt a’kauntl
35
joint venture 1,dg~nt ‘ventJa1
34
jump ldg~mpi 39
junk mail I’dg~r~k me~V 24
just-in-time /,dg~st~n’ta~m/ 17
kaizen 1ka1’zei 18
keep calm 1,ki:p ‘ka:m/ 57
keep things moving 1,ki:p 01gz
‘mu:v~r~/ 54
key accounts Iki: a’kaunts I 29
key players Iki: ‘ple1azl20
keypad I1ki:pad/ 49
kick off 1k1k ‘ufl 56, 63
kickback I’k~kbald 40
knowledge I’nu11dgl 17
laboratories /la1 burat arizl 14,
15
labour-intensive /,le~ba
~n’tents~vl 16
labourflabor I’le~bal 6, 17, 41,
60
labourflabor unions I’le~ba
,ju:njanz/ 6
last mile problem 1,la:st ma11
‘prublami 26
latecomers I’le~tkamazl 55, 60
lay off 1le1 ‘ ~fl 7
leadership /’li:daJ~p/ 10,44
leadership skills /’li:daJ~p sk~lzl
10,44
leading edge /,li:d~g ‘edgl 15
leadtime /’li:dta~m/ 42
lean manufacturing /,li:n
,mznjalfzktJar~g/ 17
lean production /li:n
pratdakJad 17
leaner i1li:na/ 7
leap ili:p/ 39
learning curve /’ls:n~g ks:v/ 28
lecture I1lektJa/ 59
legible I’ledgabli 52
leisure /’legal 13
lender /’lendat 32
letters of application 1,letaz av
,zpl~’ke~Jan/ 3
level off /,leva1 ‘ ~fl 39
leverage /’li:var~dg/ 32
licence I’la~sansl 15
lie /la1 / 65
life insurance companies Aa~f
In’Juarans ,klunpaniz/ 12
lifestyles I’la~fsta~lzl 43
light industries 1la1t ‘~ndastrid
13
limited companyLtd /,11m1t ~d
‘kampanii 12
limited liability /,11m1t1d
,la1a1b1latii 12
line /la~n/ 48
list price I’l~st pra1sl23
listed I’l~st~dl 36
loan capital Ilaun ‘kzp~tali 32
log off Il~g ‘ufl26
log on Il~g ‘ ~n/ 26
long-hours culture /,l~g ,auaz
‘kdtJa1 45
long-term liabilities /,l~g ts:m
,la~a’brlatiz/ 30
lose your job 1,lu:z j3: ‘dg~bl 7
lose your temper 1,lu:z j3:
‘tempat 57
loss ADS/ 23, 28, 31
loss leader /IDS ‘li:da/ 23, 28
loss-making 1’1~s rne~k~gl 28
low-end Ilau’end 23
low-key /lau’ki:/20
low-priced /lauipra~st/ 23
low-tech /laultek/ 15
loyalty cards I’b~alti ka:dz/ 25
lunch break I’lanJ bre~k/ 47
macho culture 1,mztJau
‘kaltJa/ 45
magnate I’mzgne~tl 10
mailings I’me111gzl 24
mailshots /’me11J~ts/ 24
make a loss /,me~k a ‘ 1~~1 31
make a point /,me~k a ‘p31ntI 55
make a profit /,me~k a ‘ pr~f~ti
28,31
make a sale /,me~k a ‘sell/ 27
make a start /,me~k a ‘sta:t/ 56
make an application /,me~k an
zplr’ke~Jad 3
make redundant /,me~k
rl’dandantl 7
make up time /,me~k ap ‘tald
42
maker l’rne~kal 16
manage I’mzn~dgl 1,35
manage an account /,mzn~dg an
aukaunt/ 35
management I’mzn~dgmantl 4,
6, 44, 45
management development
/,mzn~dgmant d~~velapmantl
4
management layers
/,mznrdgmant ‘le~azl 45
management styles
1,mznrdgmant ‘sta~lzl 44
mannerisms I’mznar~zamzl 60
manufactured /,mznjalfzktJad
16
manufactured goods
/,mznja,fzktJad ‘gudzl 16
manufacturer
/,mznjaufzktJara/ 16
manufacturing industries
/,mznja,fzktJar~g ‘lndastrizl
13
manufacturing plant
/,mznjalfzktJar~g pla:nt/ 16
manufacturing sector
/,mznja,fzktS.r~g ‘sektal 13
mark-up 1,ma:k apt 27
market economy /,ma:k~t
~’k~namii 19
market forces /,ma:k~t ‘~~:sIz/
19
market growth /,ma:k~t ‘grau01
20
market leader /,ma:k~t ‘li:da/
20
market orientation /,ma:k~t
,3:rienfte~Jan/ 21
market place /’ma:k~t ple~sl 19
market pressures /,ma:k~t
‘preJazJ 19
market research /,ma:k~t
r~’ss:tJ/ 14
market rigging /,ma:k~t ‘ r~g~g /
40
market segment /,ma:k~t
‘segmant / 20
market segmentation /,ma:k~t
,segmen’te~Jan/ 20
market share /,ma:k~t ‘Seal 20
market-driven /,ma:k~t ‘dr~van /
2 1
market-led /,ma:k~t ‘led 21
market-oriented /,ma:k~t
‘3:rientldl 21
marketeer /,ma:k~’t~a/ 21
marketer /’ma:k~ta/ 21
marketing /,ma:k~t~g/ 21
marketing concept /,ma:k~t~g
‘k~nsepti 21
marketing mix /,ma:k~t~g ‘rn~ksl
2 1
mass-produce /,mzs pra’dju:s/
16
matters arising 1,mztaz a’ra~z~gl
55
media /’media/ 13
mediation /,rni:di1e~Jan/ 66
mediator I1mi:die~ta/ 66
meeting /’mi:t~g/ 54
member I’membal 12
memorize I’memara~zl 59
merge /ms:dg/ 34
merger I1ms:dga/ 34
methodical Ima’0~d1kaV 4
microphone l’rna~krafaud 60
mid-priced Im~d’pra~stl 23
mid-range Irn~d’re~ndgl 23
middlemen /’mrdlmen/ 24
minimum wage /,m~n~mam
‘we~dgi 5
minute-taker I’m~n~t te~kal 55
mobile I’mauba~V 48
mobile phone /,mauba11 ‘faun/
4 8
model /’m~daV 22,23
moderated i’m~dare~tld 65
mogul I’maugaV 10
money laundering I’mani
,b:ndar~g/ 40
money spinners l’mrmni ,sp~naz/
28
monotone I’m~nataud 60
mortgage /’ms:g~dg/ 35
motivated l’maut~ve~t~d 4
multimedia presentation
l,mrmlti’mi:dia ,prezanltelJan/
60
multinational l,m~ti’nzJanaV
11
mutual /’mju:tJuaV 12, 35, 62
mutual advantage 1,mju:tJual
ad1va:nt1d31 62
mutual funds /,mju:tJual
‘frmndzl 35
mystery shoppers /,m~stari
‘J~pazl 18
nationalized l’nzJanalalzd 11
needs /ni:dz / 63
negative growth /,negat~v
‘grauO/ 39
negotiate /n~’gauJie~t/ 62
negotiating /n~’gaulie~t~gI 63,
65
negotiations /n~,gauli’e~Janz/
62
negotiator /nllgauJielta/ 62
neon signs /,ni:~n ‘salnd 25
nervous breakdown /’ns:vas
‘bre~kdaunl 43
net margin /,net ‘ma:dg~n/ 27
net profit /,net ‘ pr~f~t/ 31
niche market /,ni:l ‘ma:k~tl 23
night shift /’na~t J~ft/ 2
nine-to-five job /na~n ta fa~v
‘dg~b/ 2
non-core assets /,n~n k3:
‘resets/ 34
non-executive directors / n~n
~g,zekjat~v d1’rektad 9
non-negotiable /n~n
n1’gauliabl 65
non-profit organizations /n~n
,pr~f~t ,3:gana1’zelJanz/ 12
not-for-profit organizations /n~t
f3: ‘ pr~f~t ,3:gana1,zerJand
12
numerate /Inju:marat/ 4
objective /ab1dgekt~v/56, 63
obsolete /’~bsali:t/ 15
obstacles /’~bstakld 65
offer /’~fa/ 3, 64
office worker /’D~IS ws:ka/ 2
offices /’ D~ISI~ 6
on neutral ground / ~n ,nju:tral
‘graund / 63
on schedule / ~n ‘Jedju:V 42
open /’aupanl 44
open-plan offices /,aupan ‘plzn
, D~I SI ~ 6
operator /’~pare~tal 49
options contract 1’~pJanz
,k~ntrzkt/ 36
order 1’3:daI 29
organized 113:gana~zd 4
original concept /alrldganal
‘k~nseptl 14
out of work /,aut av ‘w3:W 38
outline I1autlaln/ 59
outplacement /’aut ,ple~smant/
7
outside suppliers /,autsald
salplalaz/ 17
outsource /’auts3:s/ 7
outsourcing /’auts3:slg/ 17
outstanding /,autlstrend~g/ 66
over budget /,auva ‘ b~dg~t/ 28
overdraft llauvadra:ft/ 35
overhead costs I’auvahed
,k~sts/ 27
overhead projector (OHP)
/,auvahed prauldgekta/ 60
overheads I1auvahedz/ 27
overlap /’auvalrep/ 42
overleveraged Iauva ‘1i:verldgd
32
overproduction
/,auvapra’d~klan/ 16
overspent /,auvalspent/ 28
overtime /’auvata~m/ 5, 6
overwhelmed l,auva’welmd
43
overwork /auvalws:W 43
owe Iaul 29
own-brand product /aunlbrrend
,pr~d~kt/ 22
own-label product Iaun ‘lelbal
,pr~d~kt/ 22
packaging /’pzk~dg~g/ 21
page views /pe~dg ‘vju:zl 26
pager /’pe~dgal 48
panic selling I’pzn~k sel1g1 37
paper qualifications /’pe~pa
,kw~lrf~’ke~lanzl 4
parent company /’pearant
,k~mpanU 34
part-time job /,pa:t ta~m ‘dg~b/
1
part-time work /,pa:t tam
‘w3:W 1
partners llpa:tnazJ 17
partnership /’pa:tnaJ~pl 12
parts /pa:tsl 17
password llpa:sws:d 26
patents /’pe~tants/ 15
pay /pe~/ 5
pay off /’pe~ ~f / 35
payables I’pe1abld29
payment terms I’pe~mant
ts:mz/ 29
payphone /’pe~faun/ 48
payroll I’pelraul 6
peak lpi:W 39
penalties l’penaltiz/ 42
penetrate a market /,pen~trelt a
‘ma:k~t/ 20
pension /’pentJan/ 5, 35
perfectionism /palfekJan~zam/
42
performance /pa1f3:mans/ 5, 7,
18
performance reviews
/pa1f3:mans r1,vju:zl 7
performance-related bonuses
/pa,f~mans r1’1e1t1d
‘baunas~d 5
perks /ps:ksl 5
permanent I1ps:manantl 1
personal organizers /’ps:sanal
‘3:gana1zazl 42
personnel /,ps:salnel 6
personnel department
pharmaceuticals
/,fa:malsju:t~kalz/ 13
phase /fe~z/ 42
phone /faun/ 48
phonecard llfaunka:d 48
physical contact /,f~z~kal
‘k~ntrekt/ 47
physical delivery /,f~z~kal
d1’11varii 26
pitch /prtl/ 60
place /ple~s/ 21
place an order /,ple~s an ‘3:da/
29
plastic I’plrest~W 35
plummet /’plm~t/ 39
poison pill /’ p~zan , p~l 34
position /pa’z~lan/ 3
post /paust/ 3
postpone Ipaust’paud 65
pre-tax loss 1pri:tzks ‘IDS/ 31
pre-tax profit 1pr:tzks ‘ pr~f~t/
31
precisely 1pr1’saislii 57
predator I’predatal 34
present I’prezant l 47
presenteeism /prezanlti:zd 47
president I’prez~dantl 9
press conference I’pres
,k~nfarans/ 59
pressure i1preJar/ 43
prey Ipre11 34
price Ipra~sl 19,21,23,40
price boom I’pra~s bu:d 23
price controls I’prals kantraulzl
23
price cut /’pra~s k~t / 23
price fixing I’pra~s f1ks1g140
price hike I’pra~s ha~W 23
price leader /,pra~s ‘1i:daI 23
price tag I’pra~s tzgl 23
price war I’pra~s ws:/ 23
pricing I’pra1s11~1 23
principal /’pr~nsapall 32
priorities /pra~’~ratiz/ 63
prioritize /pra~’ ~r~ta~z/ 42
priority lpra~l~ratii 42
private I’pra~v~tl 11, 35
private enterprise /,praiv~t
privatized /’pra~v~ta~zcU 11
proactive /,praulzekt~v/ 4
probing /’praub1gl64
problem i’ pr~blad 60
produce /’pr~dju:s/ 16
producer /praldju:sa/ 16,24
product /’ pr~d~kt/ 14, 15, 16,
21,22,25,28, 59
product development /,pr~d~kt
d~~velapmantl 15
product launch /,pr~d~kt
‘1s:ntJI 14, 59
product lifecycle /,pr~d~kt
‘la~fs~k(e)Y 22
product line i’ pr~d~kt la~ni 22
product mix I’ pr~d~kt m1ks1 22
product placement 1,pr~d~kt
‘~le~smantl 22
product portfolio /,pr~d~kt
,ps:t ‘fauliaul 22
product positioning /,pr~d~kt
palz~Janlg/ 22
product range /,pr~d~kt ‘re1nd31
22
production lines Ipra’d~kJan
la1nz1 16
productive Ipra’d~kt~vl 54
productivity /,pr~d~k’t~vatii 16
profit and loss account /,pr~f~t
and ’10s akauntl 31
~rofit margin I’ pr~f~t ,ma:dg~ni
27
profit-making I’ pr~f~t me1k1g1
28
profitability /,pr~f1ta’b111tii 28
profitable i’pr~f~taby 28
profits i’pr~f~tsl 7
project /’pr~dgekt/ 42, 54, 60
project management /,pr~dgekt
‘mzn~dgmantl 42
promotion /pralmauJani 7, 21,
25
proposals /pralpauzalz/ 64
proprietary Ipra’pra~atarii 15
protection lpraltekJani 33
prototypes I’prautata~psl 14
prove your point /,pru:v js:
‘ps~ntl 57
provided that Iprau’va~d~d bztl
64
providing that Iprau’va~d~~~ bztl
64
psychometric tests
/,sa~kau,rnetr~k ‘tests1 3
public holidays /,p~bl~k
‘h~lade~zi 47
public limited company /,p~bl~k
,11m1trd ‘k~mpanil fflc 12
public telephone /,p~bl~k
‘tel~fauni 48
punctuality /,p~nktJu’zlatii 47
purchaser 1’ps:tJasal 19
purchasiilg managers /,ps:tJas~r~
‘mzn~dgazl 19
purpose I1ps:pas/ 56
put back /put ‘bzW 51
put off /put ‘Df/ 51
put through /put ‘0ru:I 49
put up money /put ~p ‘m~nii 32
qualifications /,kw~11f1’ke1$anzl
3, 46
qualify as /’ kw~l~fa~ zz/ 4
quality l’kw~latii 18, 42, 43
quality circles I’kw~lati ,ss:klz/
18
quality control /,kw~lati
kan’trauy 18
quality of life /,kw~lati av ‘la~fi
43
quality time /’kw~lati ‘ t a~d 43
question I’kwestJani 59, 60
questionnaires /,kwestJa’neaz/
14
quoted I’kwaut~d 36
racial discrimination /,re~Jal
d~,skr~m~’ne~Jan/ 8
racism I’ re~s~zad 8
racist I’re~s~stl 8
racketeers /,rzk~’t~arz/ 40
raise capital 1re1z ‘kzp~taY 32
rally i’rzlii 37
rambling l’rzmbl~gl 54
rat race I’rzet re1s1 43
rate /re~t/ 35
raw materials /,rx ma’t~arialzl
17,22
reach agreement 1,ri:tJ
algri:mant/ 58
reach break-even point 1,ri:tJ
bre~k ‘i:van ps~ntl 28
realistic plan I,r~al~st~k ‘plzni
42
reassure lIri:a1Jua/ 65
rebalancing /ri:’bzlans11~1 43
recall /r1’k3:l/ 14
receivables /r~’si:vablz/ 29
receive 1r1’si:vl 53
receivers /r~’si:vaz/ 33
receivership /r~’si:vaJ~p/ 33
recession 1r1’seS.d 39
recommended retail price
1,rekamendld ‘ri:te11 pra~sl
23
reconsider its position
/,ri:kan,’s~da ~t s pa’z~Jani 65
record high 1,reks:d ‘ha11 37
recover /r~’ k~va/ 33
recovery /r~’k~varii 33, 37
recruit 1r1’kru:tl 3
recruiter 1r1’kru:tal 3
recruitment /r~’kru:tmant/ 3
red ink Ired ‘IIJW 31
referees /,refairi:z/ 3
references I’refarans~zl 3
reforms /r~’fs:mz/ 19
register I1red31sta/ 26
regulate I’regjale~tl 40
rehearse /r~’hs:s/ 59
remain steady /r~,me~n ‘stedii
3 9
remote /r~’maut/ 44, 45
remuneration /r~,rnju:na’re~Janl
5
remuneration package
ir~,rnju:na’ra~Jan ‘pak~dgi 5
repetitive /r~’petatrv/ 2
repetitive strain injury (RSI)
/r~,petat~v ‘stre~n ,rndgarii
8
reply /rilplar/ 49, 53
reports /r1’p3:ts/ 3 1
representatives
/,repr~’zentat~vd 63
research and development
(R&D) 1r1’ss:tJ an
d~~velaprnantl 15
research centreicenter /r~’s~:tJ
,senta/ 15
researchers inlsa:tJazi 14
reseller 1ri:’selal 24
resend 1ri:’sendi 52
resign /r~’za~n/ 7
resolution /,rezallu:Jan/ 66
resolve /r~’z~lv/ 55
responsibility /r~,sp~nsa’b~latii
1
responsible for /r~’sp~nsabl fs:/
1
restructure /,ri:’str~ktJai 7
restructuring /,ri:’str~ktJarrg/
34
result irr’z~lti 28, 31
retail ilri:terY 13, 24
retail outlet /’ri:te~I ,autlati 24
retailers /’ri:te~laz/ 24
retained earnings Irrternd
‘s:n~gzi 33
retire 1r1’taraI 7
retirement /rritaramant/ 7
return your call 1r1ts:n j3: ‘k3:li
49
revenue ilrevanju:/ 27
rewarding /~I’ w~:~IIJ/ 43
reworking /,ri:’w3:k1g/ 18
right first time i,rart ,fs:st
‘ta~mi 18
ring ir1g1 48
rival I’ra~vaV 20
role of silence iraul av ‘sarlansi
47
rollout /’raulaut/ 14
round of negotiations i,raund
av nI1gauJi1erJanz/ 62
routine 1ru:’ti:nl 2
royalties i’r.s~altiz/ 15
rude iru:d 57
rules of conversation 1,ru:lz av
k~nva’serJad 47
run i r ~d 1
run out of time / r~n aut av
‘ t a~d 58
run over / r~n ‘auval 60
sack /saki 7
safe /se~f/ 14
salary iisalarii 5
sale Ise1Il27
sale price per unit /,se11 prars
p3: ‘ju:nrt/ 28
sales areasisales territories
I’serlz ,eariaz/’se~lz
,ter~tariz/ 25
sales figures il,serlz ,f~ga~z/ 27
sales forecast lse~lz ,f3:ka:sti
27
sales forecasts I’serlz
,f3:ka:sts/ 14
sales growth Iiserlz grauO127
sales manager i’se~lz mzn~dgai
25
sales meeting l’se~lz mi:trgI 27
sales outlet i’serlz autletl 24
sales team /’se~lz ti:m/ 27
salesforce iise~lzf3:si 25
salesmen /’se~lzman/ 25
salespeople /’se~lzpi:pll 25
saleswomen /’se~lzwrm~n/ 25
satisfying /’sztrsfa~rg/ 2
savings account /’serv~gz
akaunti 35
scam isksed 40
schedule I1Jedju:V 42
screen /skri:n/ 60
search engine i1s3:tJ endg~n/
26
seating ~lan ilsi:trg plseni 59
secondly ilsekandlii 60
securely is1 ‘kjuarlii 26
securities is~~kjuaratizi 36
security /srikjuaratil 26, 32, 36
selection process Isr’lekJan
prausesl 3
self-driven /,self ‘dr~van i 4
self-employed /,self rrnlpl.srdi
11,12
self-motivated /,self
‘maut rve~t 1dl4
self-starters iself ‘sta:taz/ 4
seller i’selai 19
seminar /’sem~na:i 59
send an email /,send an ‘i:rne~V
5 3
senior I1si:nia/ 7, 46
senior executive 1,si:nia
~g’zekjat~vi 9
service industries /’SB:VIS
~ndastrizl 13
service sector /’S~:VIS sekta.1 13
services /’SB:VISIZ/ 13, 19
settle disputes /,set1 drlspju:tsi
62
settlement I’setlrnanti 66
severance package I’sevarans
pak~dji 5
severance payment I1sevarans
pe~mantl 5
sex discrimination Iseks
d~,skrrmr’neiJanl 8, 41
sexual harassment 1,sekJual
ha’rasmanti 8
share capital /,Sea ,kapitaV 32
share options /’Sea ~pJanzi 5
share price /’Sea pra1s1 37
shareholders /’Jea,hauldazi 32
shares iJeazi 36
shift /J~ft/ 2
ship /SIP 1 29
shop /SDp/ 24
shopping cart /’JOPIIJ ka:ti 26
shopping centre /’JDPIO sent a/
24
shopping malls I’JDPI~ rn3:lzl
24
shopping precinct /’SDPI~
pri:srgkt/ 24
shortage I1J3:trd3/ 16
shortlist /’J3:tl1st/ 3
show off /Jau ‘ ~fI54
sick 1s1ki 33
simultaneous /,s~mal’te~niasi 42
site isart/ 6, 26
situation /,srtjulelJan/ 3
situations vacant l,s~tjue~Janz
‘ve~kantl 3
skill /skrl/ 4
skilled lskrld 4
skyrocket /’skar,r~k~t/ 39
slash isldi 39
sleaze /sli:z/ 40
slide projector 1lsla1d
praudgektal 60
slump isl~mpl 39
small investors ism.s:l
mlvestaz/ 35
small or medium-sized
enterprise (SME) /,sms:l 3:
,mi:diam sa~zd ‘entapra~zl
11
small talk 1’sms:l t3:W 63
smart casual 1,sma:t ‘kae3juaV
46
smile 1sma1V 60
snowed under lsnaud ‘andal 51
soar /s3:/ 39
socially responsible /,sauJali
r~’sp~nsabl/ 41
sole owner 1,saul’aunal 12
sole proprietor 1,saul
pra’pra~atal 12
sole trader 1,saul’treidal 12
sophisticated Isa’f~st~kert id1 23
special displays /,speJal
d~’spleizl 25
special offers
specifications/specs
speculator
spend
sponsor
sponsorship
spot checks
stable
staff
stage
stagflation
stagnation
stalemate
stand-up presentation
start-ups
state pension
state-of-the-art
state-owned
steel
step
stereotypes
sticking points
stiff
stimulating
stock exchange
stock market 6
stock options
stocks
stoppage
store
stored
street furniture
street vendors
stress-induced
stressed out
stresses and strains
stressful
stretched
strike
structure
subcontracting
subordinates
subsidiaries
sum up Ism
supermarket
suppliers
support staff
surf
surge
surveys
sweatshop labor
sweetener
switchboard
systematic
tactfully
takeover
talented
talk
target
task
team of equals
team-players
technical support
technology
telecommunications
telecommuting
telemarketing
telephone banking
teleworking
temporary
terminate
testing
textiles
the City
the close
the four ps
the free market
the market
the Square Mile
threats
time
time is money
time management
timeframe
timescale
timetable
timings
tips
tiring
to license
to market
to rally
to recover
to settle
toll-free number
top-down approach
top-end
total costs
total market capitalization
total quality management(TQM)
tough
tourism
trade balance
trade credit
trade deficit
trade down
trade gap
trade surplus
trade unions
trade up
tradeoff
traders
trading
traditional retailing
train
training
transfer
transparency
treadmill
trialling
trials
tricks
troubled
trough
true and fair view
turn down
turnaround
turn round
turnover
TV commercial
tycoon
ultimatum
under budget
under duress
under licence
under stress
undercutting
underlying security
underspent
uneconomic
uneconomical
unemployed
unemployment
unethical
unethically
unfocused
uniforms
uninteresting
unique users
unit sales
unit trusts
unstimulating
unstressful
upfront
upmarket
useful
user name
users
value
variable costs
vendor
venture capitalist
venue
vice-presidents (VPs)
videoconferencing
videophone
visionary
visitors
visual aids
voicemail
volume
voluntary sector
volunteer
wages
walk-out
Wall Street
wander off the point
WAP phone
warehouses
waste of time
webcam
white knight
whiteboard
wholesalers
win-win situation
windfall
window dressing
wipe off
work experience
work-in-progress
workers
workflow
workforce
working breakfast
work from home
working hours
works
workshop
World Wide Web
wound up
written down
written off
written proposal
wrong number
wrongdoers
wrongdoing
zero defects

 

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