English Teacher

Tweed Heads/Coolangatta

Still, Yet, Already (ya, todavía) June 27, 2009

Filed under: Inglés Gramática — profesoraingles @ 10:10 am
Tags: , , , ,

Basic / Básicos ::
ALREADY – something is finished, or completed before expected / YA – algo está terminado, o que se hayan terminado antes de espera
STILL – something is in progress / TODAVÍA – algo está en marcha
YET – something is not started / AUN – algo que no se ha iniciado

Grammar tip

already COLOCACIÓN de ALREADY – STILL – NO LONGER – NO MORE:

• DETRÁS de be si va solo, y de cualquier auxiliar: don’t, doesn’t , didn’t , will (not), would (not), have (not), has (not), can(not), could (not), must (not), may (not), might (not)

• DELANTE de cualquier verbo.

aready COLOCACIÓN de YET – ANY MORE / ANYMORE – ANY LONGER:

• al FINAL de la oración.

YA

• En oraciones afirmativas:

ALREADY

• En oraciones interrogativas:

ALREADY si espramos una respuesta afirmativa.
YET en preguntas cuya respuesta desconocemos.

• En oraciones negativas:

ANY LONGER »
ANY MORE (inglés británico) » con el verbo en forma negativa
ANYMORE (inglés norteamericano) »

NO LONGER / NO MORE » con el verbo en forma afirmativa

Grammar tip

NO MORE – NO LONGER se usan sobre todo en respuestas cortas:

— Does Bill still sing in that band?
— No longer. / No more.
(¿Todavía canta Bill en ese grupo? — Ya no.)

Aunque una respuesta muy corriente también es:
— Not any longer. / Not anymore. / Not any more.

He is already at home.
(Ya está en casa.)

She already has that car.
She has already got that car.
(Ella ya tiene ese coche.)

Bob is already working.
(Bob ya está trabajando.)

Jim already plays football for that team.
(Jim ya juega al fútbol en ese equipo.)

They will already have to paint the kitchen.
(Ellos ya tendrán que pintar la cocina.)

Your brother has already found it.
(Tu hermano ya lo ha encontrado.)

Página arriba

Is he at home yet?
(no lo sabemos y pedimos información)
Is he already at home?
(sabemos que sí y esperamos confirmación)
(¿Ya está en casa?)

Does she have that car yet?
Has she got that car yet?
Does she already have that car?
Has she already got that car?
(¿Ella ya tiene ese coche?)

Is Bob working yet?
Is Bob already working?
(¿Bob ya está trabajando?)

Does Jim play football for that team yet?
Does Jim already play football for that team?
(¿ Jim ya juega al fútbol en ese equipo?)

Will they have to paint the kitchen yet?
Will they already have to paint the kitchen?
(¿Ellos ya tendrán que pintar la cocina?)

Has your brother found it yet?
Has your brother already found it?
(¿Tu hermano ya lo ha encontrado?)

Página arriba

He isn’t at home any longer / any more / anymore.
He is no longer / no more at home.
(Ya no está en casa.)

She doesn’t have that car any longer / any more / anymore.
She has no longer / no more that car.
She hasn’t got that car any longer / any more / anymore.
She has no longer / no more got that car.
(Ella ya tiene ese coche.)

Bob isn’t working any longer / any more / anymore.
Bob is no longer / no more working.
(Bob ya no está trabajando.)

Jim doesn’t play football for that team any longer / any more / anymore.
Jim no longer / no more plays football for that team.
(Jim ya no juega al fútbol en ese equipo.)

They will not / won’t have to paint the kitchen any longer / any more / anymore.
They will no longer / no more have to paint the kitchen
(Ellos ya no tendrán que pintar la cocina.)

Your brother hasn’t found it any longer / any more / anymore.
Your brother has no longer / no more found it.
(Tu hermano ya no lo ha encontrado.)

Página arriba
TODAVÍA

• En oraciones afirmativas:

STILL

• En oraciones interrogativas:

STILL

• En oraciones negativas:

YET
o STILL con valor enfático y se coloca detrás del sujeto .

He is still at home
(Todavía está en casa.)

She still has that car.
She has still got that car.
(Ella todavía tiene ese coche.)

Bob is still working.
(Bob todavía está trabajando.)

Jim still plays football for that team.
(Jim todavía juega al fútbol en ese equipo.)

They will still have to paint the kitchen.
(Ellos todavía tendrán que pintar la cocina.)

Is he still at home?
(¿Todavía está en casa?)
Página arriba

Has he still got that car?
Does she still have that car?
(¿Ella todavía tiene ese coche?)

Is Bob still working?
(¿Bob todavía está trabajando?)

Does Jim still play football for that team?
(¿Jim todavía juega al fútbol en ese equipo?)

Will they still have to paint the kitchen?
(¿Ellos todavía tendrán que pintar la cocina?)

Página arriba

He isn’t at home yet.
He still isn’t at home. (enfático)
(Todavía no está en casa.)

She hasn’t got her old car yet.
She doesn’t have her car yet.
She still hasn’t got her car.
She still doesn’t have her car.
(Ella todavía no tiene ese coche.)

Bob isn’t working yet.
He still isn’t working.
(Bob todavía no está trabajando.)

He doesn’t play for that team yet.
He still doesn’t play for that team.
(Jim todavía no juega al fútbol en ese equipo.)

They won’t have to paint the kitchen yet.
They still won’t have to paint the kitchen.
(Ellos todavía no tendrán que pintar la cocina.)

 

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